While traveling is always an unforgettable experience, some basic health precautions are advised so you can enjoy your trip without any surprises.
Foreign nationals traveling to Southeast Asia for the first time may need a visit to their healthcare practitioner for certain immunizations before their trip.
Tourists going to Myanmar from up to 100 eligible countries may need to apply for a Myanmar tourist visa which largely depends on the purpose of their travels and their nationality.
Read our expert recommendations to help you prepare the most amazing vacation in Burma.
Do You Need Vaccines to Visit Myanmar?
International tourists visiting Burma are required to be up-to-date on routine vaccines before their trip. Some of these illnesses, that have been mostly eradicated, continue to be prevalent in Myanmar.
Routine vaccines may include:
- Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine
- Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine
- Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine
- Meningitis vaccine
- Polio vaccine
- Flu or influenza shot
Foreigners going to Myanmar with minors need to discuss whether their child needs additional doses for routine vaccines with their pediatrician beforehand.
Other vaccines are recommended (on top of routine ones mentioned above prior to visiting Myanmar (Burma):
- Hepatitis A (may be caught by eating and drinking contaminated food or drinks)
- Hepatitis B (sexual transmission, contaminated needles and blood products)
- Japanese encephalitis (may be caught by mosquito bite)
- Rabies (only if planning outdoor activities or research involving contact with bats)
- Typhoid (may be caught by eating and drinking contaminated food or drinks)
- Yellow fever (may be caught by mosquito bite)
While planning your trip to Myanmar, check out whether you are required to apply for an eVisa for Myanmar. Application is quick and easy, and most often approved within 3 days or less.
Is There Japanese Encephalitis in Myanmar?
Tourists visiting Burma may need the Japanese encephalitis vaccine if their trip will last more than 30 days. This also depends on which parts of Myanmar they are visiting and on the season during which they are taking their vacation.
Your doctor will consider this vaccine if you plan on spending a lot of time outdoors, even when your stay is likely to be shorter than 30 days.
Is There Rabies in Myanmar?
Burma is considered a high-risk country for rabies, the following visitors are advised to get vaccinated prior to their trip:
- Travelers who may come into contact with dogs, bats and other mammals during their visit in Myanmar are advised to get vaccinated against rabies.
- Visitors who will spend a lot of time outdoors, doing activities such as camping, hiking, biking, caving, or adventure travel are generally at risk for animal bites.
- Veterinarians, wildlife professionals, and researchers working with animals are also advised to get this vaccine.
- Children who tend to play with animals and who might not report having been bitten.
Is Burma or Myanmar malaria zone?
Visitors need to be cautious if visiting low-altitude areas of Myanmar or Burma since their may be a risk for malaria there. Foreigners may have their doctor prescribe medicine before, during, and after their trip.
Yellow Fever in Myanmar
There is currently no risk of yellow fever in Burma. The Myanmar government, however, requires proof of yellow fever vaccination only to visitors arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever.
Zika in Myanmar zone
Zika disease is mostly transmitted to humans through a bite from an Aedes mosquito. There is a risk of Zika virus in Myanmar so pregnant women are advised to avoid traveling there, if possible. All visitors must avoid mosquito bites by using proper repellent as explained below.
Please note that Zika virus may also be transmitted by sexual contact, blood transfusion and perinatal transmission. Should you have intercourse with a new partner while on vacation, condoms are a must.
Dengue Fever in Myanmar
Dengue fever is present in Myanmar at the moment, it is only transmitted to humans through the bites of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Please take safety precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes, particularly between dusk and dawn.
Prevent Bug Bites When Visiting Myanmar
Tourists spending time in the countryside and rural areas must take precautions to avoid bug bites, since they may spread diseases in Myanmar.
- Wear loose, light-coloured, long-sleeved clothing.
- Use DEET insect repellent on exposed skin, even over clothing, especially during the warm and humid months.
- DEET effectively protects against ticks as well as mosquitoes.
- DEET-containing repellent is safe even for pregnant women and babies over 6 months of age.
- Do not use cosmetics or skin care products with strong fragrances.
- Re-apply insect repellent every few hours, according to the instructions on the bottle.
- Spray clothes and mosquito nets with permethrin if you are planning on spending many hours outdoors.
- Permethrin must not be applied directly on skin.
- If you find you have already been bitten by a bug apply hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to reduce itching. Avoid scratching.
- After taking part in outdoor activities, remember to check for ticks on your body and to remove them appropriately, should you find any.
How Is Coronavirus Affecting Myanmar?
The 2019-2020 outbreak of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected over 200 countries across the globe.
The country has had low confirmed cases, but although it is safe to travel to Myanmar, the country is being vigilant against the disease and it has proposed a number of measures and restrictions on entry to the country.
Border crossings to China have been closed and tour operators have canceled all planned trips for all visitors. Visas on arrival and evisas have also been temporarily suspended until April 30, 2020, most likely until the outbreak is under control.
There was also a distinctive public display from a group of military-appointed lawmakers as they arrived at the Union Parliament in Nay Pyi Taw wearing protective face masks. This is said to have been a stunt to raise awareness of COVID-19 and inspire the country to take precautions against the outbreak.